WAX PAINTING is an art form dating back 2,000 years. Wax Paintings
were found in the tombs of Pharaohs and called "mummy portraits". .
The Indonesian word "Batik" means "wax writing". In our modern day
society wax resist art is usually referred to as "Batik". The process is
also referred to as "ROZOME" in Japan. The Japanese version of batik
consists of direct application of dyes and wax on silk using silk painting
techniques. The Indonesian technique, usually uses cotton or silk and
the wax is melted and applied using brushes or tjanting tools to the
areas that are to remain that particular color then cloth is immersed
into dyes and only the unwaxed areas accept the dye. This wax resist
process of waxing out areas and dipping is repeated numerous times.
Tjanting tools are made of a wooden shaft with a metal reservoir with a
tiny metal tube that allows wax to flow onto the fabric leaving lines or
dots. The waxed areas get bent and the cracks or fractures allow the
dye to penetrate leaving fine lines of color referred to as "crackle" or
"ice". Janet refers to the crackle as the thumbprint of batik. Janet
combines the BATIK techniques with Painting techniques to create her
own original Style which she refers to as BATIK PAINTINGS. Some of the
batiks incorporates pastels, silk screening with fabric paint, acrylic
paint , colored pencil and other mix media. Janet will incorporate other
art material necessary to create the image she visualizes.
The wax is removed through ironing the fabric between newspri
nt which absorbs the wax. The finished batik is drymounted onto
foamcore, matted and framed.
The batik is stretched on wooden stretcher
bars so it does not touch the surface. The
wax mixture of paraffin and beeswax is
heated in an electric skillet.
The brown areas are waxed and the
batik is immersed into the last dye
bath of black.
Batik "Making Waves" immersed in
the last dye bath.
Drawing traced onto fabric and
areas to remain white are waxed.
Batik is immersed into a yellow dye bath
and the waxed areas resist the dye.
After the batik is rinsed and
allowed to dry, the yellow areas
are waxed and the batik
immersed into a green dye bath
The green areas are waxed and the
batik is immersed into the brown
Drawing done on newsprint.
Batik as fine art is a "Young Artform" in the western countries. In the Eastern regions, Batik is a highly spiritual artform
that accompanies people from birth to death and is passed on like hierlooms in the western world.
"Wind Break"( heron) in the last